These officials also shared Konoe's concern about party influence within the home ministry, which had seen great turnover mirroring the political upheaval occurring in the Diet. After the beginning of the American occupation, Konoe served in the cabinet of Prince Naruhiko Higashikuni, the first post-war government. , In 1916, while at university, Fumimaro took his father's seat in the house of peers. Back in Japan, Matsuoka was furious that Konoe had offered concessions behind his back.  Toyoda asked ambassador Grew to tell Roosevelt that Konoe would only be able to grant concessions at the summit, but could not commit beforehand due to the influence of the militarists, and the risk that any conciliation beforehand would be leaked to the Germans in an effort to bring down the Konoe cabinet. In the end, the formal leadership group, called the Imperial Headquarters-Cabinet Liaison Conference, agreed on the "southern" strategy. Konoe Fumimaro, in full Konoe Fumimaro, Kōshaku (prince) Konoe also spelled Konoye, (born October 12, 1891, Tokyo, Japan—died December 16, 1945, Tokyo), political leader and prime minister of Japan (1937–39, 1940–41), who tried unsuccessfully to restrict the power of the military and to keep Japan’s war with China from widening into a world conflict. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. Statesman. Following a translation by American journalist Thomas Franklin Fairfax Millard, Japanese political advisor Saionji Kinmochi wrote a rebuttal in his journal, Millard's Review.. Konoe was a branch of the Fujiwara family, which had held sway in Kyoto for several centuries in the early history of Japan. , Prior to the capture on Nanjing, Chang Kai Shek through the German ambassador in China attempted to negotiate, however Konoe rejected the overture. • PRINCE FUMIMARO KONOYE (noun) The noun PRINCE FUMIMARO KONOYE has 1 sense: 1. Prince Fumimaro Konoe was born into the ancient Fujiwara clan, and was the heir of the Konoe family in Tokyo. He was the oldest of samurai decedents. Above all, in time of peace this is fine, but when there is a fear that there may even be a war, then more importantly, considering the welfare of the imperial house, I wonder about the wisdom of a member of the imperial family serving [as prime minister]. The Konoe claim descent from Konoe Iezane (1179–1242), and the origin of the family name was the residence for the family of Konoe Motozane (Iezane's grandfather), which was located on a road in Kyoto named "Konoe-Ōji" (近衛大道).  In December 1940 the British reopened the Burma road and lent 10 million pounds to Chang's Kuomintang. Konoe replied that, of course, negotiations were primary, and the military option was only a fall-back position if negotiations failed. , Konoe remained consistent since Versailles, he saw Japan as the equal and the rival of the western powers, believed that Japan had a right to expansion in China, believed that expansion was survival, and still held that the "Anglo-American powers were hypocrites seeking to enforce their economic dominance of the world while denying Japan the right to survive as a great power. Fumitaka Konoe: Birthdate: April 03, 1915: Birthplace: Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan: Death: October 29, 1956 (41) Ivanovo, gorod Ivanovo, Ivanovo Oblast, Russia (Russian Federation) Immediate Family: Son of Prince Fumimaro Konoe and Chiyoko Konoe Brother of Akiko Shimazu; Atsuko (Yoshiko) Hosokawa and Michitaka Konoe When later asked for clarifications, Konoe said he meant more than just non-recognition of Chiang's regime but "rejected it" and would "eradicate it". Prime minister of Japan, 1937-1939 and 1940-1941.  As different factions rose to control the government, Konoe supported universal male suffrage during the premiership of Kato Komei and his party the kenseikai, to forestall his government from enaction of serious curtailment of the privileges of the nobility. A scion of the ancient Fujiwara noble family and protege of Kimmichi Saionji, he was president of the House of Peers from 1933 to 1937. He returned to Tokyo in 1938 as vice-minister of war and was one of the leading advocates of Japan’s Tripartite Pact with Germany and Italy (1940). Japanese statesman who set Japan's expansionist policies and formed an alliance with Germany and Italy (1891-1945) Familiarity information: PRINCE FUMIMARO KONOE used as a noun is very rare. After Sugiyama answered positively, Hirohito scolded him, remembering that the Army had predicted that the invasion of China would be completed in only three months. Date of Birth and Death: Dec. 30, 1884 - Dec. 23, 1948: Description. Japanese victories continued at Hsuchow, Hankow, Canton, Wuchang, Hanyang – but still the Chinese kept on fighting. For the 76th Emperor also known as Emperor Konoe, see, Konoe's second term, the Matsuoka foreign policy, Third government and attempt to avoid war with the United States, Post premiership, final years of the war and suicide, Although – in accordance with the system adopted by the Japanese imperial government from the Meiji period through the end of WWII – the official English translation of Konoe's title was "prince", the title of, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. The Konoe were the "head of the most prestigious, and highest ranking noble house in the realm". Kiichirō Hiranuma succeeded him as Prime Minister. Prince  Fumimaro Konoe (近衛 文麿, Konoe Fumimaro?, often Konoye, 12 October 1891 – 16 December 1945) was a Japanese politician in the Empire of Japan who served as the 34th, 38th and 39th Prime Minister of Japan and founder/leader of the Taisei Yokusankai. en In 1155, the physically weak Emperor Konoe died. In this Japanese name, the family name is Konoe. born Oct. 12, 1891, Tokyo, Japan died Dec. 16, 1945, Tokyo Political leader and prime minister of Japan (1937–39, 1940–41), who tried unsuccessfully to restrict the power of the military and to keep Japan s war with China from widening into a… , The Japanese invasion of French Indochina was planned by the army before Konoe was recalled as prime minister.  Konoe and these officials saw the influence of local meiboka political bosses as a threat to Japan's political stability, universal suffrage having opened the vote to the peasantry, which was undereducated, and controlled by these local bosses, who utilized pork barrel politics.  Masanobu Tsuji had planned to assassinate Konoe if peace had occurred with the United States in order for Japan to attack the Soviet Union, who was at war with Japan's ally Germany. In 1925, Konoe gained favorable public attention by supporting a universal manhood suffrage bill. Born in Tokyo as a son of Hidenori Tojo, a military officer. In attendance on Kinmochi Saionji, he …  Konoe successfully ended the political parties that year, thereby aiding the pro war factions in the military, he deemed the parties as too liberal, and divisive.  Konoe's cabinet failed to foresee the US embargo oil as a result of their occupation of southern French Indochina. Fumimaro Konoe (brother) Biography. Fumimaro Konoe was Prime … Early life. Matsuoka was popular with the Army and the Japanese public, having established himself as the man who angrily led Japan out of the League of Nations in 1933. As the war entered its sixth and final year, the Allies had begun to prepare for what was anticipated to be a very costly invasion of the Japanese mainland.This was preceded by an immensely destructive firebombing campaign that obliterated many Japanese cities. Thesaurus Antonyms Related Words Synonyms Legend: Switch to new thesaurus . In attendance at these liaison meetings were the prime minister, the foreign minister, the ministers of the army and navy and their chiefs of general staff. Born in Tokyo in a high ranked noble family. Roosevelt also placed an embargo on oil exports to Japan. In 1918, prior to Versailles, he published an essay titled Reject the Anglo-American-C… , Konoe held a meeting on 12 October with military ministers Tojo, Oikawa, and the foreign minister Toyoda, which became known as the Tekigaiso conference. Konoe, believing the document was an agreed starting point for negotiation, began to line up support for the idea of a summit conference in Hawaii.  Matsuoka changed the US draft into a counteroffer which essentially gutted most of the Japanese concessions in regard to China and expansion in the Pacific then had Nomura deliver it to Washington. Konoe agreed with Army Minister General Hajime Sugiyama to send two divisions to defend Japanese honor. But the next day, he would tell me: 'You were worried about it yesterday but you do not have to worry so much.' Prime Minister (first term), 4 June 1937. His grave is at the Konoe clan cemetery at the temple of Daitoku-ji in Kyoto.. He therefore supported Hara Kei's seiyukai government, as did most of the kenkyukai. Fully displaying his talent as an able official, he was called "Razor Tojo". Fumimaro Konoe was born in Tokyo on 12 October 1891 to the prominent Konoe family, one of the main branches of the ancient Fujiwara clan.The Konoe were the "head of the near prestigious, and highest ranking noble corporation in the realm".They became self-employed person of the Fujiwara in the 12th century, when Minamoto no Yoritomo divided the Fujiwara into five separate houses go-sekke. The Ambassador in Japan (Joseph C. Grew) to the Secretary of State, 24 June 1940, Learn how and when to remove this template message, League of Diet Members Supporting the Prosecution of the Holy War, Events leading to the attack on Pearl Harbor, Emperor Hirohito on Localized Aggression in China, Konoe biography from Spartacus Educational, Annotated bibliography for Fumimaro Konoe from the Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear Issues, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fumimaro_Konoe&oldid=1000697471, Japanese politicians who committed suicide, Recipients of the Order of the Rising Sun, Recipients of the Order of the Sacred Treasure, Imperial Rule Assistance Association politicians, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from February 2008, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles needing additional references from October 2019, Articles with minor POV problems from October 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Articles with Japanese-language sources (ja), Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 07:35.  On 20 September a liaison meeting passed a revised proposal that actually hardened conditions for a withdrawal from China. "First among the go-sekke was the Konoe", and Fumimaro was its 29th leader. , Konoe met privately with Tojo twice, in a failed attempt to convince him to a troop withdrawal, and to take the war option off the table on 5 and 7 October.   Konoe recommenced negotiations with the Dutch in January 1941 in an attempt to secure an alternate source of oil. He was demoted in July 1944 by the emperor, following the Battle of Saipan and condemned to death by the Tokyo tribunal and executed. Hurried conferences took place at the highest levels. Konoe was awarded the 1st class of the Order of the Rising Sun in 1939. , Konoe assumed the vice presidency of the house of peers in 1931. Page 1 of 1 - About 7 essays. He was listed for trial as a war criminal but committed suicide in December of 1945.  In response on 1 August the US embargoed oil exports to Japan. Konoe believed the house of peers should stay neutral in factional party politics due to fear that the peerage would have their privileges restricted if seen as too partisan. This arrangement resulted in an imbalance in favor of the military since each member in attendance had an equal say in policymaking. Konoe, Fumimaro (1891 - 1945) ... Tokyo: Date of Birth and Death: Oct. 12, 1891 - Dec. 16, 1945: Description. , Konoe's third government was formally created on 18 July, with admiral Teijiro Toyoda as foreign minister. Also of fragile health, he had problems staying in university, but managed to teach himself English on his own.Fact|date=February 2007. " Six weeks later, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. Konoe resigned on 16 October 1941, one day after having recommended Prince Naruhiko Higashikuni to the Emperor as his successor.  He saw the peerage as a bulwark of stability committed to tranquillity, harmony, the maintenance of the status quo, its function was to restrain the excesses of the elected government, but its power was to be used sparingly. Bio by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye He was following in his father’s footsteps, who was a professional who served as a … Ambassador Grew urged his superiors to advise Roosevelt to accept the summit proposal. ", Konoe played a role in the fall of the Tōjō government in 1944.  After a series of liaison conferences where Matsuoka argued forcefully in favour of an attack against the Soviet Union and against further expansion southward, the decision was made to invade and occupy the southern half of French Indochina, which was formalized in an imperial conference on 2 July. Prince, Japanese statesman.  On 3 September a liaison conference was held where it was decided that Konoe would continue to seek peace with Roosevelt, but at the same time Japan would commit to war if a peace agreement did not materialize by mid October, also that Japan would not abandon the tripartite pact. Fumimaro passed away on December 16 1945, at age 54 in Tokyo. In 1918, prior to Versailles, he published an essay titled Reject the Anglo-American-Centered Peace.  Matsuoka transmitted a provocative statement to Hull, and informed the Soviet Ambassador that the Axis agreement took precedence over the Japan-Soviet neutrality pact. Having refused to collaborate with U.S. Army officer Bonner Fellers in "Operation Blacklist" to exonerate Shōwa and the imperial family of criminal responsibility, he came under suspicion of war crimes. Prince Fumimaro Konoe was born into the ancient Fujiwara clan, and was the heir of the Konoe family in Tokyo.His younger brother Hidemaro Konoye was a symphony conductor. WikiMatrix. Define Konoye. But the next day, he would tell me: 'You were worried about it yesterday but you do not have to worry so much.' , On 5 September Konoe met the emperor with chiefs of staff General Hajime Sugiyama and Admiral Osami Nagano to inform him of the cabinet's decision to commit to war in the absence of a diplomatic breakthrough, alarmed the emperor asked what happened to the negotiations with Roosevelt, he asked Konoe to change the emphasis from war to negotiation, Konoe replied that would be politically impossible, the emperor then asked why he had been kept in the dark about these military preparations. Prince Konoye, three times premier of Japan, who poisoned himself on the night before he was to surrender as a war criminal.  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